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Koh Samui

 

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Natural beauty and charm

Ko Samui island of Surat Thani Province, or often, simply Samui as it is referred to by locals, is an island off the east coast of the Kra Isthmus in Thailand, close to the mainland Surat Thani town. It is Thailand's third largest island, with an area of 228.7 km2 and a population of over 50,000 (2008). It is rich with natural resources, white sandy beaches, coral reefs and coconut trees.

Ko Samui is located in the Gulf of Thailand, about 35 km northeast of Surat Thani town (9°N, 100°E). The island measures some 21 kilometres at its widest point, and 25 km at its longest. It is surrounded by about sixty other islands, which compose the Ang Thong Marine National Park (Mu Ko Ang Thong National Park) and include other tourist destinations (Ko Pha Ngan, Ko Tao and Ko Nang Yuan).

The island is roughly circular in shape, and is about 15 km across. The central part of the island is an almost uninhabitable mountain jungle, Khao Pom, peaking at 635 m. The various lowland areas are connected together by a single 51 km road, running mostly along the coast to encircle the bulk of the island.

The old capital is Nathon, on the southwest coast of the island. It remains the major port for fishing and inter-island transportation. Nathon is the seat of the regional government, and the true commercial hub of the Samui locals. It has a charming pace, and is almost small enough to walk everywhere. The old Chinese shop houses along the middle street whisper of an exotic history.

Each of Samui's primary beaches is now also nominally considered as a small town, due to the number of hotels, restaurants and nightlife that have sprung up in recent years.

Climate
Ko Samui, being in Suratthani Province, has essentially two seasons; warm and tropical most of the year, with a short rainy season. Unlike Phuket and most of the rest of Southern Thailand which has a 6-month rainy season between May and November, Samui's weather is relatively dry for the vast majority of the year, with the rainy season being primarily confined to November. For the rest of the year, since the weather is tropical, when it does rain, it usually doesn’t last long; rain showers of 20–60 minutes are typical. Samui has 2 main rainy seasons, the normal one from may to august, as in the rest of this part of Thailand. The second usually starts in October, and is part on the monsoon season. These rains are extremely heavy and last a long time, and continue until December. The past couple of years has shown that tropical rains in Samui fall at will. Samui's weather is not relatively dry at all. Information from a Samui resident.

History

The island was probably first inhabited about 15 centuries ago, settled by fishermen from the Malay Peninsula and Southern China. It appears on Chinese maps dating back to 1687, under the name Pulo Cornam. The name Samui is mysterious in itself. Perhaps it is an extension of the name of one of the native trees, mui, or from the Chinese word Saboey, meaning "safe haven". Ko is the Thai word for "island."

Until the late 20th century, Ko Samui was an isolated self-sufficient community, having little connection with the mainland of Thailand. The island was even without roads until the early 1970s, and the 15 km journey from one side of the island to the other involved a whole-day trek through the mountainous central jungles.

Ko Samui has a population of about fifty-five thousand and is based primarily on a successful tourist industry, as well as exports of coconut and rubber. It even has its own international airport, Samui Airport, with flights daily to Bangkok and other major airports in Southeast Asia such as Hong Kong and Singapore. Whilst the island presents an unspoiled image to the public perception, economic growth has brought not only prosperity, but changes to the island's environment and culture, a source of conflict between local residents and migrants from other parts of Thailand and other countries. Reflecting Samui's growth as a tourist destination, the Cunard ship MS Queen Victoria (a 2000-plus passenger ship) docked at Samui during its 2008 world cruise.

Info

Koh Samui

Location
Ko Samui or the Coconut Island is located in the Gulf of Thailand, about 700 km. to the south of Bangkok. The island is in the sea about 20 km off Surat Thani. It is situated at latitude 9° N and longitude 100° E.

Area
Samui has an area of 247 sq. km., making it the third largest island of Thailand after Phuket and Chang Island. It is the main island of a group of 48 islands.

Climate
The hot season lasts from February to May and the rainy season from June to January.

Topography
Most area of the island is a plain with a mountain range in the middle. There are 7 important streams. A 50-km. road is paved around the island.

Population
About 44,000 (2005).

"The total population includes only permanent residents."

Administration
Samui is a county (amphoe) of Surat Thani province administering 7 districts (tambons).

Language
The Southern dialect and the standard Thai language are spoken. English is widely understood in tourist areas.

Products
Samui is famous for its high quality coconuts growing densely everywhere.


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